The Food: Pizza

Pizza is Italian? Of course it is! I don't quite understand those who say (thinking they have knowledge that others don't) "its an American invention".  Well, maybe tomatoes are, yes, tomatoes were brought back to Europe by Columbus, but it would be more accurate to argue that the Greeks invented pizza, but even still, that was foccacia, which may be considered the prototype for pizza.  Pizza is Italian, make no mistake. Granted, pizza in the USA is not only one of the most popular foods in all the country (if not the world), and it may greatly vary from the pizza in Italy, but pizza is an Italian dish.  In Italy, you will not see as much cheese on the pizza as you will in the USA.  It seems as if pizza made in the USA is mostly cheese, while the key to Italian food is the balance of all ingredients, even the crust is often paper thin, unless of course its Sicilian pizza, then the dough is a little thicker, but certainly not like the deep dish pizza we find that was invented in Chicago.  Here are some basic types of classic pizzas you will find in "real" Italian restaurants:

Margherita - named for Queen Margherita, it is basic, light and a true classic, with light tomato, mozzarella, basil and extra virgin olive oil as its topping.

Marinara - tomato, garlic, olive oil and oregano

Napolitana - tomato, mozzarella, anchovy, oregano and olive oil

Alla Fiamma - tomato, onions, oregano, hot pepper, olives and olive oil

Quattro Stagione - divided into 4 sections, these sections can often represent anyone's favorite 4 ingredients, but the classic would be tomatoes over the whole pizza, then one section would be mozzarella, another artichoke hearts, one prosciutto, and the last mushrooms and/or olives and olive oil drizzled all over

Quattro Fromaggi - literally means 4 cheese, usually mozzarella, provolone, pecorino romano, and in the US you will see cheddar 

Capriocciosa - Tomato, mozzarella, anchovies, oregano, olives, artichoke hearts and mushrooms

Pizza Rustica

Whole Wheat Pizza

French Bread Pizza

Calzone

Tomato Pie

Primavera Pizza

Pomadora - "tomato pie" no cheese, very light, perhaps some light grated cheese

Pizza Alla Cozze - pizza topped with mussels

Alla Romana - topped with Anchovies

Pizza Alla Alici - topped with Sardines

Al Funghi - Fresh mushrooms

Ortalano - Grilled vegetables

Chicago Deep Dish Pizza



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